The James Bay territory consists of more than 300,000 km2 (1/5 of the province of Québec) extending from the 49th to the 55th parallel. More than 15,000 Cree live in nine coastal and inland communities: Chisasibi, Eastmain, Mistissini, Nemaska, Oujé-Bougoumou, Waswanipi, Waskaganish, Wemindji and Whapmagoostui.
Historically, the James Bay Cree were two distinct regional groups that were joined by economics and kinship. Five thousand years later, the Cree still refer to these two groups as wiinibeyk iiyuu (“salt water person”), and nuuchcimiihc iiyuu (“inland person”).
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